- OS: OpenBSD 7.0
- DB: PostgreSQL 13.5
Each step will be described at the rest of this post.
$ doas pkg_add postgresql-server $ doas su - _postgresql $ cd /var/postgresql/ $ mkdir /var/postgresql/data $ # changed: `--auth=md5` -> `--auth=scram-sha-256` $ initdb -D /var/postgresql/data/ -U postgres -A scram-sha-256 -W -E UTF-8 --locale=xx_XX.UTF-8 $ # password of superuser (= "postgres") will be asked $ exit $ doas rcctl enable postgresql $ doas rcctl start postgresql
Get the application package from ports system:
$ doas pkg_add postgresql-server
The output was:
quirks-4.54 signed on 2022-02-12T18:54:43Z postgresql-server-13.5:libxml-2.9.12: ok postgresql-server-13.5:postgresql-client-13.5: ok useradd: Warning: home directory `/var/postgresql' doesn't exist, and -m was not specified postgresql-server-13.5: ok Running tags: ok The following new rcscripts were installed: /etc/rc.d/postgresql See rcctl(8) for details. New and changed readme(s): /usr/local/share/doc/pkg-readmes/postgresql-server
Switch user to
_postgresql which was created at the package installation above in order to avoid error on permission:
$ doas su - _postgresql $ cd /var/postgresql/ $ mkdir /var/postgresql/data
init_db to create a database cluster:
$ initdb -D /var/postgresql/data/ -U postgres -A scram-sha-256 -W -E UTF-8 --locale=xx_XX.UTF-8
-U postgres (=
--user=...) is the superuser’s name. The password will be asked when
--pwprompt) is set.
-A scram-sha-256 (=
--auth=...) are for the sake of security.
Besides, the documentation (
It is strongly advised that you do not work with the postgres dba account other than creating more users and/or databases or for administrative tasks. Use the PostgreSQL permission system to make sure that a database is only accessed by programs/users that have the right to do so.
--locale is up to your environment. In my case, it’s
In order not to specify locale, run without
--encoding=UTF-8 --locale=xx_XX.UTF-8 instead:
- --encoding=UTF-8 --locale=xx_XX.UTF-8 + --no-locale
As a result, the whole output was:
The files belonging to this database system will be owned by user "_postgresql". This user must also own the server process. The database cluster will be initialized with locale "ja_JP.UTF-8". initdb: could not find suitable text search configuration for locale "ja_JP.UTF-8" The default text search configuration will be set to "simple". Data page checksums are disabled. Enter new superuser password: Enter it again: fixing permissions on existing directory /var/postgresql/data ... ok creating subdirectories ... ok selecting dynamic shared memory implementation ... posix selecting default max_connections ... 20 selecting default shared_buffers ... 128MB selecting default time zone ... Asia/Tokyo creating configuration files ... ok running bootstrap script ... ok performing post-bootstrap initialization ... ok syncing data to disk ... ok Success. You can now start the database server using: pg_ctl -D /var/postgresql/data/ -l logfile start
Yay, success. Let’s
Activate the daemon and start it:
$ doas rcctl enable postgresql $ doas rcctl start postgresql postgresql(ok)
Through the installation above, the postgresql server daemon was activated and started. It works as RDBMS and listens to requests from clients.
Moreover, configuration files, such as postgresql.conf and pg_hba.conf, were created, and also
psql was installed.
They are useful to configure the server.
It is used as a terminal-based front-end to PostgreSQL. By using the password asked above, it’s able to connect to the server:
$ psql -U postgres Password for user postgres:
You will be welcomed:
psql (13.5) Type "help" for help. postgres=#
Thank you for your reading :)